Irregular -are Verbs

Irregular -are verbsItalian has only 4 irregular –are verbs. Though they don’t share a conjugation pattern, it’s helpful to look at them side by side because there are many similarities.



Passato prossimo Conjugations

Italian present perfectThe passato prossimo is a compound verb form, which means its conjugation has two components: an auxiliary verb (avere or essere) and the past participle of the main verb.


Passive Voice Conjugations

Italian passive voice conjugationsLike compound tenses and moods, the Italian passive voice has two components: some conjugation of essere plus a past participle.





Regular -ire Verbs

Regular ire verbsItalian verbs that end in -ire are divided into two groups, both considered regular. The first group is smaller and has similar endings to regular -ere verbs.



Spelling Change Verbs -care -cire -gare

Italian spelling change verbsItalian verbs that end in –care, –gare, and –cire require a small spelling change in certain conjugations. For the most part, these verbs are conjugated just like regular –are verbs, other than a little problem in some conjugations that must be corrected for reasons of pronunciation. It’s easy enough to do, once you understand why and how.