The letter S has two pronunciations in Italian as in English. Most words follow specific rules that spell out which pronunciation is correct.
Phonetic symbol [s]
- at beginning of word + vowel
- before an unvoiced consonant (c, f, p, t)
- after any consonant
- whenever there is a double S
Phonetic symbol [z]
- between two vowels
- before a voiced consonant (b, d, g, l, m, n, v)
When I started learning Italian, I was surprised and confused to discover that the letter S is never used for plurals
– unlike French
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