Italian verbs that end in –iare are conjugated very similarly to regular
–are verbs, other than a small spelling change in certain conjugations.
Auxiliary verbs are also known as helping verbs, because they help form compound conjugations. The key thing to remember about Italian compound conjugations is that it’s the auxiliary verb which conjugates for the required tense or mood; the main verb is always a past participle.
In Italian, consonants can be divided into pure and impure sounds (or simple and complex sounds). While both types can occur anywhere in a word, they only really matter, grammatically speaking, at the beginning of masculine nouns.
In Italian, there are some words that change form in very specific constructions for reasons of pronunciation. Three of these are tiny words that take on the d eufonica.
The letter combination GL has two pronunciations.
Italian vowels are divided into two categories: hard and soft. Hard vowels (A, O, U) cause the consonant that precedes them to be pronounced with a hard sound, while soft vowels (E, I) are preceded by a soft sound.
Memorize the few dozen irregular Italian future and conditional stems.
Italian verbs that end in –care, –gare, and –cire require a small spelling change in certain conjugations. For the most part, these verbs are conjugated just like regular –are verbs, other than a little problem in some conjugations that must be corrected for reasons of pronunciation. It’s easy enough to do, once you understand why and how.
The distinction between tu and Lei is one of the most confounding aspects of Italian, and one of the most basic. The influence it has on verb conjugations and pronouns is considerable, but more than that, the choice of tu or Lei is a matter of etiquette.