Italian verbs that end in –iare are conjugated very similarly to regular
–are verbs, other than a small spelling change in certain conjugations.
In Italian, consonants can be divided into pure and impure sounds (or simple and complex sounds). While both types can occur anywhere in a word, they only really matter, grammatically speaking, at the beginning of masculine nouns.
The letter combination GL has two pronunciations.
Italian vowels are divided into two categories: hard and soft. Hard vowels (A, O, U) cause the consonant that precedes them to be pronounced with a hard sound, while soft vowels (E, I) are preceded by a soft sound.
Memorize the few dozen irregular Italian future and conditional stems.
Italian verbs that end in -cer or -ger require a small spelling change in certain conjugations. For the most part, these verbs are conjugated just like regular -are verbs, other than a little problem in some conjugations that must be corrected for reasons of pronunciation. It’s easy enough to do, once you understand why and how.
The distinction between tu and Lei is one of the most confounding aspects of Italian, and one of the most basic. The influence it has on verb conjugations and pronouns is considerable, but more than that, the choice of tu or Lei is a matter of etiquette.