Adjectives with Prepositions

Italian adjectives with prepositionsWhen describing someone as capable of doing or determined to do something, a preposition is required between the adjective and verb. In Italian, the choice of preposition depends on the adjective that precedes it, not the verb that follows.

Auxiliary Verbs

Italian auxiliary verbsAuxiliary verbs are also known as helping verbs, because they help form compound conjugations. The key thing to remember about Italian compound conjugations is that it’s the auxiliary verb which conjugates for the required tense or mood; the main verb is always a past participle.


Complex Sounds

S impuraIn Italian, consonants can be divided into pure and impure sounds (or simple and complex sounds). While both types can occur anywhere in a word, they only really matter, grammatically speaking, at the beginning of masculine nouns.

Euphonic D

D eufonicaIn Italian, there are some words that change form in very specific constructions for reasons of pronunciation. Three of these are tiny words that take on the d eufonica.

Hard and Soft Vowels

Italian hard and soft vowelsItalian vowels are divided into two categories: hard and soft. Hard vowels (A, O, U) cause the consonant that precedes them to be pronounced with a hard sound, while soft vowels (E, I) are preceded by a soft sound.



Sapere vs Conoscere

Sapere vs conoscereDo you know how to say "know" in Italian? There are two verbs with distinct meanings, used in completely different situations. And just to keep things interesting, they sometimes have different meanings in different tenses. Confused? After you read this lesson, you’ll know all you need to know.

Spelling Change Verbs -care -cire -gare

Italian spelling change verbsItalian verbs that end in –care, –gare, and –cire require a small spelling change in certain conjugations. For the most part, these verbs are conjugated just like regular –are verbs, other than a little problem in some conjugations that must be corrected for reasons of pronunciation. It’s easy enough to do, once you understand why and how.