-urre Verbs

Irregular Italian verbs
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Verbi irregolari con -urre

Italian has a few verbs with an irregular infinitive that ends in –urre, a contraction of the original infinitive ending –ucere. Many conjugations for these verbs are based on that original infinitive.

addurre   to add on
condurre   to conduct, lead
dedurre   to deduct
indurre   to induce
introdurre   to introduce, insert
produrre   to produce
ridurre   to reduce
sedurre   to seduce
tradurre   to translate

How to conjugate –urre verbs

For the present tense, remove –urre and then add one of the following verb endings:*

Singular          Plural
1st person     io -uco   noi  -uciamo
2nd person tu -uci   voi -ucete
3rd person lui -uce   loro -ucono

Per esempio…

TRADURRE Singular          Plural
1st person    io traduco   noi  traduciamo
2nd person tu traduci   voi traducete
3rd person lui traduce   loro traducono

 * Another way to look at these conjugations, especially if you love grammar and etymology, is to figure out the original infinitive (e.g., tradurre traducere), then remove –ere and add the regular –ere verb endings:

Singular          Plural
1st person     io -o   noi  -iamo
2nd person tu -i   voi -ete
3rd person lui -e   loro -ono

The end result is the same but the logic of the conjugations is more evident. ๐Ÿ™‚

Also see arre verbs and orre verbs.

 Related lessons

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Italian irregular verbs

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