Sapere – to know

Sapere - to know
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A Knowing Italian Verb

The Italian verb sapere usually means "to know." It has irregular conjugations in just about every tense and mood, and a somewhat different meaning in the past.

Sapere = to know a piece of information

Sai che ora è?   Do you know what time it is?
Non so dove sono.   I don’t know where they are.

Sapere + infinitive

To know how to do something

So guidare.   I know how to drive.
Lui non la sa fare.   He doesn’t know how to do it.

Sapere + clause

To know, realize

Non sai cosa stai facendo.   You don’t realize what you’re doing.
Sa di avere torto.   He knows that he’s wrong.

Sapere present tense conjugations

Sapere is an irregular –ere verb:

io so    noi sappiamo
tu sai voi sapete
lui, lei sa loro sanno

 Meaning changes

Sapere has a different meaning in the past tense.

Sapere  = to learn, find out

Finalmente sapevo cosa era successo.   I finally found out what had happened.
Che cosa sapevi?   What did you find out?

 Related lessons

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Sapere - Italian verb to know

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