Past Participle

Italian past participle
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The past participle is a verb form with several roles. It’s essential in the creation of compound verb tenses/moods and the passive voice, and it can also be used as an adjective.

The Italian past participle usually ends in ato, uto, or ito, and is equivalent to ed or en in English. It has three primary uses.

1) Compound verb forms

Compound verb tenses and moods are two-word verb forms made up of a conjugated auxiliary verb (avere or essere) plus a past participle.

Per esempio…

    Compound verb form
Ho perso le mie chiavi. I lost my keys. passato prossimo
Ero già caduto. I had already fallen. trapassato prossimo
L’avrò provato. I will have tried it. futuro anteriore

2) Passive voice

Essere plus a past participle forms the passive voice.

Per esempio…

Roma è amata da tutti.   Rome is loved by all.
Le stazioni di servizio sono spesso derubate.   Gas stations are often held up.
Il matrimonio sarà seguito da un ricevimento.   The wedding will be followed by a reception.

3) Adjectives

When used as an adjective, the Italian past participle may be equivalent in English to a past or present participle, or to a regular adjective.

Per esempio…

C’è una macchina ferma nell’incrocio.   There’s a stopped car in the intersection.
I bambini sono seduti in salotto.   The kids are sitting in the living room.
Perché è arrabbiata?   Why is she angry?

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