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Introduzione ai verbi
Verbs are action words that express the action (He runs) or state of being (I am tired) of a sentence. They are one of the main parts of speech.
Italian verbs have to be “conjugated” or “inflected”; that is, changed according to how they are used. They have five to six different conjugations for each tense and mood.
The basic form of a verb is called the "infinitive" and is the name of the verb. The English infinitive is “to” followed by a verb, while the Italian infinitive is a single word with one of three infinitive endings (-are, –ere, or –ire). These three groups can then be further divided into:
A) Regular verbs, which follow a standard pattern of verb conjugations:
|1.||-are||parlare||(to speak)||Regular -are verbs|
|2.||-ere||vendere||(to sell)||Regular -ere verbs|
|3.||-ire||partire||(to leave)||Regular -ire verbs|
B) Stem-changing verbs, which take the same endings as regular verbs, but undergo spelling changes in the radical* of some conjugations.
C) Irregular verbs, which have unique conjugations.
* Most Italian verbs are conjugated by removing the infinitive ending to find the "radical" or "root" (e.g.,
More detailed lessons on all of the above coming soon!