Imperative Mood Conjugations

Coniugazioni imperative

Italian imperative conjugations
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The Italian imperative exists for 5 different grammatical people: tu, Lei, noi, voi, and Loro.* It’s conjugated by taking the infinitive of the verb, dropping the infinitive ending, and adding a new set of endings.

Regular –are verbs

The imperative endings for –are verbs are:

tu   -a
Lei   -i
noi   -iamo
voi   -ate
Loro   -ino

Per esempio…

    parlare   lavare
(tu)   parla   lava
(Lei)   parli   lavi
(noi)   parliamo   laviamo
(voi)   parlate   lavate
(Loro)   parlino   lavino

 For all regular and most irregular verbs, imperative conjugations for noi and voi are identical to their indicative conjugations.

Regular –ere verbs

The imperative endings for –ere verbs are:

tu   -i
Lei   -a
noi   -iamo
voi   -ete
Loro   -ano

Per esempio…

    correre   prendere
(tu)   corri   prendi
(Lei)   corra   prenda
(noi)   corriamo   prendiamo
(voi)   correte   prendete
(Loro)   corrano   prendano

Regular –ire verbs

The imperative endings for regular –ire verbs are:

tu   -i
Lei   -a
noi   -iamo
voi   -ite
Loro   -ano

Per esempio…

    aprire   servire
(tu)   apri   servi
(Lei)   apra   serva
(noi)   apriamo   serviamo
(voi)   aprite   servite
(Loro)   aprano   servano

Regular –ire verbs with –isc

The imperative endings for –ire verbs with –isc– are:

tu   -isci
Lei   -isca
noi   -iamo
voi   -ite
Loro   -iscano

Per esempio…

    costruire   finire
(tu)   costruisci   finisci
(Lei)   costruisca   finisca
(noi)   costruiamo   finiamo
(voi)   costruite   finite
(Loro)   costruiscano   finiscano

Irregular Verbs

There are only a few Italian verbs with irregular imperative conjugations.

Irregular –are verbs

Note that for these verbs, the short tu form is usually written with an apostrophe to distinguish the verb conjugation from other words**

    andare   dare   fare   stare
(tu)   va’
(Lei)   vada   dia   faccia   stia
(noi)   andiamo   diamo   facciamo   stiamo
(voi)   andate   date   fate   state
(Loro)   vadano   diano   facciano   stiano

 The single syllable of the tu imperative of these four verbs as well as dire, below, can seem impolite, so the present indicative is commonly used instead.

Irregular –ere verbs

    avere   essere   sapere
(tu)   abbi   sii   sappi
(Lei)   abbia   sia   sappia
(noi)   abbiamo   siamo   sappiamo
(voi)   abbiate   siate   sappiate
(Loro)   abbiano   siano   sappiano

Irregular –ire verbs

    dire   uscire   venire
(tu)   di’
  esci   vieni
(Lei)   dica   esca   venga
(noi)   diciamo   usciamo   veniamo
(voi)   dite   uscite   venite
(Loro)   dicano   escano   vengano

 * Notes

  • As explained in the "You" lesson, Loro is extremely rare in modern Italian, so these conjugations are provided mainly for reference. It’s also somewhat uncommon to use the Lei imperative.
  • The vast majority of Italian imperative conjugations are the same as subjunctive conjugations.
  • ** For example, da‘ = give (imperative) vs da = from, by (preposition)

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Coniugazioni imperative

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