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In English, we use the modal verb "will" plus another verb to talk about actions that will take place in the future, but in Italian there’s a future tense with a full set of conjugations for every verb. The uses of these two constructions are very similar.
|Andrò in banca domani.||I’ll go to the bank tomorrow.|
|Avrai la mia risposta stasera.||You’ll have my answer tonight.|
The Italian future tense is often found in se clauses (if … then clauses) when talking about what will happen if a certain condition is met.
|Ti chiamerò se ho notizie.
Se ho notizie, ti chiamerò.
|I’ll call you if I have any news.
If I have any news, I’ll call you.
|Passerai l’esame se studierai.
Se studierai, passerai l’esame.
|You’ll pass the test if you study.
If you study, you’ll pass the test.
Unlike English (and French and Spanish), Italian does not have a near future construction "to be going to do" (
andare fare). The closest equivalent is stare per fare but its usage is limited. It’s much more common to use either the future, explained here, or the present as near future.
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Ciao! I’m Laura K Lawless, creator, writer, editor, and CLO (Chief Lawless Officer) of this free online Italian learning site. Lawless Italian is an official Lawless Languages site.