Essere is also used to form compound tenses – lesson coming soon.
Essere present tense conjugations
Note that the io and loro conjugations are identical. Since Italian is pro-drop, you have to rely on context to let you know who the subject is, but this is rarely a problem as it’s usually obvious. If you’re concerned that it’s not, you can use the subject pronoun to make sure there’s no confusion.
* The other is stare. We’ll compare the two in detail in a future lesson.