Italian dates
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Le date

If you ever write letters, make plans, or request appointments, this lesson will be invaluable. There are a few little formulas to memorize in Italian, but otherwise, dates are very easy to talk about.

Asking about the date

Today’s date

Qual è la data?   What’s the date?
Qual è la data di oggi?   What’s today’s date?

Some other date

Qual è la data (del tuo compleanno, della festa…)?
Che giorno è (il tuo compleanno, la festa…)?
  What date is (your birthday, the party…)?
Che giorno arrivi / arriva?   What date are you / is he coming?

 Asking about the date requires an interrogative adjective.

Talking about the date

Here’s the basic formula to indicate a date:

il or l’ (definite article) + cardinal number + month (+ year)

Per esempio…

Il 31 novembre non esiste.   There is no November 31.
Abbiamo comprato la casa il 15 aprile 2013.   We bought our house on April 15, 2013.

For most numbers, the definite article is il. But for numbers that begin with a vowel, the definite article is l‘ – even when the number is a digit:

l’otto dicembre
l’8 dicembre
  December 8
l’undici marzo
l’11 marzo
  March 11

 American English speakers take note: the number must precede the month in Italian. This is particularly important to remember when writing the short form of dates:

il 7 settembre   7/9
il 9 luglio   9/7

For the first day of any month, the formula is slightly different – the ordinal number is used instead:

  • il primo + month (+ year)
  • il 1° + month (+ year)

Per esempio…

Vado a Roma il primo dicembre 2021.   I’m going to Rome on December 1st 2021.
Il 1° maggio è un giorno festivo in Italia.   May 1st is a holiday in Italy.

To talk about today’s date, you just need to add è (it is) to the above formula.

È il 1° febbraio.   It’s February 1st.
Oggi è l’8 settembre.   Today is September 8.

Dates with days of the week

If you want to include the day of the week, it precedes the date and there’s no article:

È + day + cardinal number + month (+ year)

È venerdì 1 febbraio.   It’s Friday, February 1st.
Oggi è lunedì 8 settembre.   Today is Monday, September 8.

 Related lessons

Learn Spanish En español

Learn French En français

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Dates in Italian

Virtual Italian Teacher at Lawless Languages | Website | + posts

Ciao! I’m Laura K Lawless, creator, writer, editor, and CLO (Chief Lawless Officer) of this free online Italian learning site.

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