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When, where, why, how? Use interrogative adverbs to ask these informational questions.
|Dove lavora?||Where does he work?|
|Quando esci?||When are you leaving?|
Characteristics of Interrogative Adverbs
- Ask for specific information
- Can be used in indirect questions
- Are invariable (no plural or feminine forms)
Italian Interrogative Adverbs
Italian has five interrogative adverbs.
Come usually means "how?"
|Come va?||How is he doing?|
|Come hai fatto?||How did you do that?|
In certain contexts, come means "what?"
|Come ti chiami?||What’s your name?|
|Come sono i tuoi amici?||What are your friends like?|
Dove means "where?"
|Dove vivi?||Where do you live?|
|Dove sono?||Where are they?|
Perché means "why?"
|Perché stai piangendo?||Why are you crying?|
|Perché sta andando in banca?||Why is he going to the bank?|
Quando means "when?"
|Quando vuoi uscire?||When do you want to leave?|
|Quando chiamerà?||When is he going to call?|
To be more specific, you can ask A che ora? meaning “(At) what time?”
Quanto means "how much?"
|Quanto costa la casa?||How much does the house cost?|
|Quanto ne hai fatto?||How much did you do?|
Interrogative adverbs can also be used in indirect questions, where the desire for information is found within a statement or command.
|Voglio sapere come sta.||I want to know how he’s doing.|
|Ho dimenticato dove stai andando.||I forgot where you’re going.|
|Mi chiedo perché ha mentito.||I wonder why he lied.|
|Diteci quando vuoi cominciare.||Tell us when you want to start.|
|Non so quanto lavora.||I don’t know how much he works.|
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