Demonstrative Adjectives

This and that in Italian
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Aggettivi dimostrativi

Demonstrative adjectives (this, that) are used to indicate a specific noun or nouns. In Italian, they must agree with the noun(s) in gender and number.

Per esempio…

Questo albero è carino.   This tree is cute.
Quelle montagne sono alte.   Those mountains are tall.

Characteristics of demonstrative adjectives

  1. Used in place of an article, not with one
  2. Placed directly in front of a noun or an adjective + noun
  3. Agree with the demonstrated noun in gender and number
  4. Demonstrative adjective + noun can be replaced by a demonstrative pronoun

Italian demonstrative adjectives

1) This / These

In Italian, "this" and "these" each have two equivalents:

    this   these
masculine   questo   questi
feminine   questa   queste

Per esempio…

Mi piace questa casa.   I like this house.
Voglio questi libri.   I want these books.

 Questo and questa optionally contract to quest’ when followed by a noun that begins with a vowel.

questo attore
quest’attore
  this actor
questa attrice
quest’attrice
  this actress

2) That / Those

The Italian equivalents of "that" / "those" are more complicated, as there is a form to take the place of each of the seven ( definite articles ):

that   those
masculine ( il ) quel   ( i ) quei
masc w/ complex sound ( lo ) quello   ( gli ) quegli
masc w/ vowel ( l’ ) quell’   ( gli ) quegli
feminine w/ consonant ( la ) quella   ( le ) quelle
fem w/ vowel ( l’ ) quell’   ( le ) quelle

Per esempio…

Mi piace quella casa.   I like that house.
Voglio quei libri.   I want those books.

 When followed by a plural noun that starts with "i," quegli optionally contracts to quegl’:

quegli italiani
quegl’italiani
  those Italian men

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Italian demonstrative adjectives